Hapkido Training Items

Abdomen Respiration

Abdomen respiration is fundamental to Hapkido and can be achieved through training. It involves using the ability to rapidly recall scattered power and energy from throughout the body and concentrating it in one spot to be able to apply it at will. This power is controlled through breathing. Abdomen respiration is a core component of traditional martial arts.


Mental Technique

Central to Hapkido’s style and technique is the idea of ‘movement like water’.  Hapkido uses the theory ‘Mind Like Water’ in which its movements mimic the flow of water around rocks in a stream or a river. Much of Hapkido’s circular motion is used in an attempt to mimic how water can flow around a rock (opponent) and still achieve its ultimate goal.



Asian martial arts typically have 5-10 kinds of basic foot techniques. Hapkido, however, employs a variety of foot techniques – over 100, in fact, and is quite unique in comparison to other martial arts. For example, the kicking techniques of Karate and Taekwondo are hard, fast, and accurate; Hapkido, on the other hand, requires the use of force and torque to get its soft but powerful kick.


Fist technique

The first technique refers to attacking a particular part of the body with the fist. This technique is unique to Hapkido and is unlike anything seen in other types of martial arts. It appears to be soft, fast, but strong while attacking the opponent. To achieve this, Hapkido uses a sharp part to attack a wide part of the body, a wide part to attack a thin part, and a finger to attack a soft part. For most martial arts, the fist must be conditioned through repeated training to hit various parts of the body in order to inflict pain, but in Hapkido, students are trained to attack specific areas of the body that are already easily subject to pain. These areas are typically where the pulse is found or where traditional areas for acupuncture are located.


Falling Technique

Learning how to fall is important in the art of Hapkido. Falling itself can cause injury and incapacitate the practitioner, rendering him or her unable to fight or move properly. Whether the reason for the fall was from an opponent or another outside force, learning the proper technique will reduce the chances of injury.


Self-Protection Technique

In any martial art, self-protection is the most important component, and Hapkido is no different. Hapkido uses different methods of protection which includes using the foot or the first to block an opponent’s attack. Because of its soft and circular motions, it can accurately and powerfully block the attack without causing self-harm. 

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